Diazepam

Diazepam Drug and Patient Information. Dosage. Overdose. Generic or Brand this tranquilizer. For Professionals and Consumers.

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this tranquilizer is used in the treatment of anxiety disorders and for short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety. It belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines.

this tranquilizer is also used to relieve the symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal, to relax muscles, to relieve the uncontrolled muscle movements caused by cerebral palsy and paralysis of the lower body and limbs, to control involuntary movement of the hands (athetosis), to relax tight, aching muscles, and, along with other medications, to treat convulsive disorders such as epilepsy.

Generic name: diazepam

 this tranquilizer

Most important fact about this tranquilizer

this tranquilizer can be habit-forming or addictive. You may experience withdrawal symptoms if you stop using this drug abruptly. Discontinue or change your dose only on your doctor’s advice.

How should you take this tranquilizer?

Take this tranquilizer exactly as prescribed. If you are taking this tranquilizer for epilepsy, make sure you take it every day at the same time.

If you miss a dose of this tranquilizer

Take this tranquilizer as soon as you remember if it is within an hour or so of the scheduled time. If you do not remember until later, skip the dose you missed and go back to your regular schedule. Never take 2 doses at the same time.

Storage instructions for this tranquilizer

Store this tranquilizer away from heat, light, and moisture.

What side effects may occur when taking this tranquilizer?

Side effects this tranquilizer cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking this tranquilizer.

More common side effects of this tranquilizer may include:

Anxiety, drowsiness, fatigue, light-headedness, loss of muscle coordination

Side effects due to a rapid decrease in dose or abrupt withdrawal from this tranquilizer:

Abdominal and muscle cramps, convulsions, sweating, tremors, vomiting

Why should this tranquilizer not be prescribed?

If you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to this tranquilizer, you should not take this tranquilizer.

Do not take this tranquilizer if you have the eye condition known as acute narrow-angle glaucoma.

Anxiety or tension related to everyday stress usually does not require treatment with such a powerful drug as

this tranquilizer. Discuss your symptoms thoroughly with your doctor.

this tranquilizer should not be prescribed if you are being treated for mental disorders more serious than anxiety.

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Special warnings about this tranquilizer

this tranquilizer may cause you to become drowsy or less alert; therefore, you should not drive or operate dangerous machinery or participate in any hazardous activity that requires full mental alertness until you know how this drug affects you.

Anxiety or tension related to everyday stress usually does not require treatment with such a powerful drug as this tranquilizer. Discuss your symptoms thoroughly with your doctor.

this tranquilizer should not be prescribed if you are being treated for mental disorders more serious than anxiety.

If you have liver or kidney problems, use this tranquilizer cautiously.

Possible food and drug interactions when taking this tranquilizer

this tranquilizer slows down the central nervous system and may intensify the effects of alcohol. Do not drink alcohol while taking this medication.

If this tranquilizer is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered.

It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining this tranquilizer with any of the following:

Antiseizure drugs such as Dilantin
Antidepressant drugs such as Elavil and Prozac
Antipsychotic drugs such as Mellaril and chlorpromazine
Barbiturates such as phenobarbital
Cimetidine (Tagamet)
Digoxin (Lanoxin)
Disulfiram (Antabuse)
Fluoxetine (Prozac)
Isoniazid (Rifamate)
Levodopa (Larodopa, Sinemet)
MAO inhibitors (antidepressant drugs such as Nardil)
Narcotics such as Percocet
Omeprazole (Prilosec)
Oral contraceptives
Propoxyphene (Darvon)
Ranitidine (Zantac)
Rifampin (Rifadin)

Special information on this tranquilizer if you are pregnant or breastfeeding

Do not take this tranquilizer if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. There is an increased risk of birth defects.
If this tranquilizer is essential to your health, your doctor may advise you to discontinue breastfeeding until your treatment is finished.

Recommended dosage of this tranquilizer

ADULTS

Treatment of Anxiety Disorders and Short-Term Relief of the Symptoms of Anxiety

The usual dose, depending upon severity of symptoms, is 2 milligrams to 10 milligrams 2 to 4 times daily.

Acute Alcohol Withdrawal

The usual dose is 10 milligrams 3 or 4 times during the first 24 hours, then 5 milligrams 3 or 4 times daily as needed.

Relief of Muscle Spasm

The usual dose is 2 milligrams to 10 milligrams 3 or 4 times daily.

Convulsive Disorders

The usual dose is 2 milligrams to 10 milligrams 2 to 4 times daily.

CHILDREN

this tranquilizer should not be given to children under 6 months of age. The usual starting dose for children over 6 months is 1 to 2.5 milligrams 3 or 4 times a day. Your doctor may increase the dosage gradually if needed.

OLDER ADULTS

The usual dosage of this tranquilizer is 2 milligrams to 2.5 milligrams once or twice a day, which your doctor will increase as needed. Your doctor will limit the dosage to the smallest effective amount because older people are more apt to become over sedated or uncoordinated.

Overdosage of this tranquilizer

Any medication taken in excess can have serious consequences. If you suspect an overdose with this tranquilizer, seek medical attention immediately.

Symptoms of this tranquilizer overdose may include:

Coma, confusion, diminished reflexes, sleepiness.