Soma – Drug, Medical and Patient Information
Soma is used, along with rest, physical therapy, and other measures, for the relief of acute, painful muscle strains and spasms.
Brand name: Soma
Most important fact about Soma
Soma alone will not heal your muscles. You need to follow the program of physical therapy, rest, or exercise that your doctor prescribes. Do not attempt any more physical activity than your doctor recommends, even though Soma temporarily makes it seem feasible.
How should you take Soma?
Take Soma exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
If you miss a dose of Soma
Take it as soon as you remember if only an hour or so has passed. If you do not remember until later, skip the dose you missed and go back to your regular schedule. Do not take 2 doses at once.
Storage instructions for Soma
Store at room temperature in a tightly closed container.
What side effects may occur when taking Soma?
Side effects of Soma cannot be anticipated. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking Soma.
More common side effects of Soma may include:
Agitation, depression, dizziness, drowsiness, facial flushing, fainting, headache, hiccups, inability to fall or stay asleep, irritability, light-headedness upon standing up, loss of coordination, nausea, rapid heart rate, stomach upset, tremors, vertigo, vomiting
Allergic reactions usually seen between the first and fourth doses of Soma in patients who have never taken this drug before include: itching, red welts on the skin, and skin rash. A more severe allergic reaction may include symptoms such as asthmatic attacks, dizziness, fever, low blood pressure, shock, stinging of the eyes, swelling due to fluid retention, and weakness.
Why should Soma not be prescribed?
If you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to Soma or drugs of this type, such as meprobamate (Miltown), you should not take this medication. Make sure your doctor is aware of any drug reactions you have experienced.
Unless you are directed to do so by your doctor, do not take Soma if you have porphyria (an inherited blood disorder).
Special warnings about Soma
In rare cases, the first dose of Soma may cause unusual symptoms that appear within minutes or hours of taking the medication. Symptoms reported include: agitation, confusion, disorientation, dizziness, double vision, enlargement of pupils, extreme weakness, exaggerated feeling of well-being, lack of coordination, speech problems, temporary loss of vision, and temporary paralysis of arms and legs. These symptoms usually subside within a few hours. If you experience any of them, contact your doctor immediately.
Soma may impair the mental or physical abilities you need to drive a car or operate dangerous machinery. Do not participate in hazardous activities until you know how Soma affects you.
If you have a history of drug dependence, make sure your doctor is aware of it before you start taking Soma.
Withdrawal symptoms, including abdominal cramps, chilliness, headache, insomnia, and nausea, have occurred in people who suddenly stop taking Soma.
Take Soma cautiously if you have any kidney or liver problems.
Possible food and drug interactions when taking Soma
Soma may intensify the effects of alcohol. Be careful drinking alcoholic beverages while you are taking Soma.
If Soma is taken with certain other drugs, the effects of either could be increased, decreased, or altered.
It is especially important to check with your doctor before combining Soma with the following:
Antidepressant drugs such as Elavil, Tofranil, and Nardil
Major tranquilizers such as Haldol, Stelazine, and Thorazine
Sedatives such as Nembutal and Halcion
Tranquilizers such as Librium, Valium, Diazepam, Alprazolam and Xanax
Special information on Soma if you are pregnant or breastfeeding
The effects of Soma during pregnancy have not been adequately studied. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. Soma appears in breast milk and could affect a nursing infant. If Soma is essential to your health, your doctor may advise you to discontinue breastfeeding until your treatment is finished.
Recommended dosages of Soma
The usual dosage of Soma is one 350-milligram tablet, taken 3 times daily and at bedtime.
The safety and effectiveness of this drug have not been established in children under 12 years of age.
Overdosage with Soma
A severe overdose of Soma can be fatal. If you suspect an overdose, seek medical help immediately.
Symptoms of Soma overdose may include:
Breathing difficulty, coma, shock, stupor.